Coal Export


Coal is one of the dirtiest and most dangerous fuels in existence. From coal dust in our lungs to climate-busting emissions and air pollution, health professionals know that each stage of coal's extraction, transport, and combustion presents a danger to health and safety. Though Oregon and Washington have secured victories in phasing out the burning of coal for power in our region, coal exports remain a looming threat to the health of our communities and environment.Extreme weather, intense wildfire seasons, and massive storms fueled by warming oceans are clear signs that global climate chaos is upon us. It can be difficult to maintain hope in these dark times. But a recent victory, the denial of a key permit for the largest coal export facility in the nation, renewed our hope. Read on for more details.

Earthjustice Responds to Trump Executive Order, Urges EPA to Ensure Transparency and Public Input in Clean Water Protections – YubaNet (4/23/19)

Longview, WA (Millennium Bulk Projects):

Millennium Dealt Another Blow In Federal Lawsuit (4/2/19)

Final Cowlitz County Study Released: Reaffirms Negative Health and Safety Impacts of Longview Coal Export Terminal (11/29/18)

US Eyes Military Bases for Coal, Gas Exports (10/15/18)

Longview Community Rejects Proposed Coal Export Terminal as Trump Administration Restarts Federal Review (10/12/18)

Coal Critics Knock Coal Study - Longview Daily News (1/13/18)

Oregon & Washington PSR Comments on Draft Health Impact Assessment for the Millennium Bulk Terminals proposed coal export facility (1/5/18)

Company Sues Washington State for Blocking Coal Exports to Asia (1/3/18)

Take Action: Health Impact Assessment Confirms Health Risks of Coal on the Columbia River (12/22/17)

Strike Four— Another Permit Denial for Millennium: Cowlitz County Hearings Examiner Denies Shorelines Permits for Coal Export (11/14/17)

Environmental community counters coal industry’s legal attack on public health (11/8/17)

Stephen G Chandler, MD Testimony on the Health Impacts of Coal Export in Longview (11/2/17)

Three Strikes - WA state delivers third strike to coal export terminal in Longview (10/25/17)

Proposed nation's largest coal export terminal defeated! - PSR National (10/3/17)

JUST SAY NO to Toxic Coal Exports (7/20/17)

Q & A: Washington DNR's Decision on Millennium Coal Export (1/9/17)

Statement on Washington DNR Decision to Deny Millennium Bulk Terminal Lease (1/3/17)

View all comments on the draft EIS produced by Cowlitz County and Washington Department of Ecology.

Oregon and Washington PSR Comments on Millennium Bulk Terminal Draft Environmental Impact Statement.

View a 2016 video, which opens with Oregon PSR Advisory Board member Dr. Andy Harris, in support of efforts to protect Longview and our climate from the negative impacts of coal exports.

From Montana to the Coast, Coal Dust Threatens Human Health (4/4/16 Sightline article)

Longview Health Factsheet (English language version)

Longview Health Factsheet (Spanish language version)

Potential Health Impacts of Millennium Bulk Terminals Longview - scoping comments submitted for Environmental Impact Statement process.

If you are a (non-physician) health professional, public health advocate or if you work in the health community in Washington State, please read our Washington Health Community StatementAdd your name to this statement.

If you have already signed on, thank you so much for lending your voice on this critically important issue. For more details, please contact Regna Merritt.

Cherry Point, WA (Gateway Pacific):

On May 9th, 2016, the Army Corps of Engineers delivered its historic decision to deny permits for SSA Marine’s proposed Gateway Pacific Terminal, a coal export facility at Xwe’chi’eXen, also known as Cherry Point, Washington. The Army Corps agreed with the Lummi Nation that building a 48 million ton per year coal terminal would have adverse impacts upon the Lummi Nation's fishing rights and way of life. By denying permits for the largest proposed coal export terminal in North America, the Army Corps is upholding the Lummi Nation’s treaty rights and protecting the Salish Sea for all people who call the Pacific Northwest home.

Please read the August 28th, 2015 letter from Oregon PSR, Washington PSR, PSR National, and Dr. Frank James to the Army Corps of Engineers in support of the Lummi Nation's request.

British Columbia, Canada:

RIP -- One More Controversial Northwest Coal Export Port (Seattle PI, 2/1/19)

Top Canadian official requests an end to U.S. coal exports out of Canada, communities concerned about coal dust and diesel pollution applaud (4/27/17)

One of the Canada’s top officials, Premier Christy Clark, requested that Prime Minister Justin Trudeau stop the export of U.S. coal out of British Columbia’s ports yesterday. This request comes after the Trump Administration imposed a tax on Canadian lumber coming into the United States. If this request is approved, communities across the Pacific Northwest will benefit from a decrease in coal dust and diesel pollution that has long threatened the health of those living along rail lines. Open topped rail cars carrying coal contaminates air and water with particles containing arsenic, lead, mercury, and other dangerous pollutants.

Read the full press release: BC Premier requests end to US coal exports through Canada

Boardman and Port Westward, OR:

Oregon's Department of State Lands carefully considered and denied a proposal to move huge amounts of coal from Montana and Wyoming to Asia. As a group of health care providers and public health advocates, we understand the significant risks to human health posed by massive coal shipments on our rivers and through our communities.

While there are currently no new proposals pending in Oregon, we believe that, at the very least, Governor Brown must review both a comprehensive Health Impact Assessment and a full Environmental Impact Statement before allowing any Oregon agency to grant a permit for any such project.

Please read the Position Statement on Coal Exports from concerned Oregon physicians to learn more about public health threats associated with proposed coal export through Oregon.

In addition, please read our letter from health professionals and public health advocates to former Oregon Governor Kitzhaber. Health advocates like you helped turn the tide against coal exports in Oregon.

Time to Celebrate: A Major Victory in Preventing Coal Exports

News Archives on Coal Exports:

NW Coal Exports: A Threat to Health and Safety (factsheet, 10/15/14)

Army Corps Stops Permitting Process for Ambre Energy's Morrow Pacific Coal Export Terminal (9/15/14)

Big Coal's Plans for the Pacific Northwest Take a Major Hit (8/19/14)

A Victory for Public Health and Our Climate! (8/18/14)

Sierra Club Sues for Review of DEQ's Coal Export Permit for Coyote Island (7/22/14)

Coalition of Community Health Clinics Oppose Coal Exports (7/18/14)

Columbia River Gorge Commission Resolution to Protect the Columbia River Gorge from Coal and Oil Transport (7/17/14)

Environmental Justice Task Force Letter to Governor Kitzhaber (3/31/14)

Power Past Coal Launches Ad Campaign Urging Governor Kitzhaber to Protect Health by Rejecting Coal Exports (3/25/14)

People's Hearing on Coal Exports at Pioneer Square (3/8/14)

Are Coal Trains Degrading the Air We Breath? The Answer is Yes. (3/3/14)

Oregon PSR Brings Together Oregon and Washington Physicians to Comment on the Proposed Millennium Bulk Terminal Project in Longview, WA (11/17/13)

Statement of the Yakama Nation Regarding Coal Export Issues (11/18/13)

Comments from The Mazamas on Proposed Millennium Bulk Terminal Project (11/18/13)

Comments from the City of Mosier on Proposed Millennium Bulk Terminal Project (11/13/13)

Comments from the City of Eugene Mayor Kitty Piercy on Proposed Millennium Bulk Terminal Project (11/8/13)

Resolution to Oppose Coal Transport by the City Council of Beaverton (Beaverton City Council Resolution #4182, 6/18/13)

Resolution from the Portland City Council on Coal Exports and Health Impact Assessment (Portland City Council Resolution #36962, 10/4/12)

Resolution from the Portland City Council Opposing Coal Trains (Portland City Council Resolution #36959, 9/19/13)

Oregon PSR and Partners Petition Army Corps to Undertake Area-Wide Environmental Impact Statement on All Proposed Coal Export Terminals in Washington and Oregon (5/22/13)

Kinder Morgan Decision: A Victory for Public Health (5/8/2013)

Resolution from the City of Scappoose Regarding the Kinder-Morgan Coal Export Project for Port Westward (Scappoose City Council Resolution #13-03, 5/6/13)

Presbytery of the Cascades Expresses Concern Regarding Expansion of Coal Export (3/15/13)

Resolution to Oppose Coal Transport by the City Council of Eugene (Eugene City Council Resolution #5065, 10/24/12)

Resolution to Oppose Coal Transport by the City Council of Milwaukie (Milwaukie City Council Resolution #55-2012, 10/22/12)

Announcement from Multnomah County Chair and the Multnomah County Health Department Regarding Health Impacts of Coal Trains through Multnomah County (9/10/12)

Read more about Multnomah County studying the health risks of coal (9/10/12, Bonnie Stewart,OPB's EarthFix), and view video of Jeff Cogen's announcement.

Read about Portland City Council Commissioner Amanda Fritz's coal export resolution (9/11/12, Scott Learn, The Oregonian).

Read Toxic Coal Blues, an article about opposition to plans to ship coal through Portland (8/22/12, Mindy Cooper, The Portland Observer)

Download the press release for our July 19th, 2012 press conference

Read the April 26th, 2012 news release from our partners in the Power Past Coal Coalition.

Watch this fascinating three-minute video highlighting plans to export dirty U.S. coal to Asia. Local voices from Longview, Bellingham, Hood River, and Portland share how coal trains and terminals will harm their communities.


Diesel particulate matter is associated with:

  • impaired pulmonary development in adolescents;
  • increased cardiopulmonary mortality and all-cause mortality;
  • measurable pulmonary inflammation;
  • increased severity and frequency of asthma attacks, ER visits, and hospital admissions in children;
  • increased rates of myocardial infarction (heart attack) in adults;
  • increased risk of cancer;
  • neurodevelopmental disorders.

Coal dust is associated with:

  • chronic bronchitis;
  • emphysema;
  • pulmonary fibrosis (pneumoconiosis);
  • environmental contamination through the leaching of toxic heavy metals.

Noise exposure causes:

  • cardiovascular disease, including increased blood pressure, arrhythmia;
  • stroke, and ischemic heart disease;
  • cognitive impairment in children;
  • sleep disturbance and resultant fatigue, hypertension, arrhythmia, and increased rate of accidents and injuries;
  • exacerbation of mental health disorders such as depression, stress and anxiety, and psychosis.

Frequent long trains at rail crossings will mean:

  • delayed emergency medical service response times;
  • increased accidents, traumatic injury and death.